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高中英语100组易混易错词汇+100个易错知识点

发布者: L先生 | 发布时间: 2020-2-27 12:46| 查看数: 36| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

100组易混易错词汇
1. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
2. amount, number amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词   a number of students
3. sound, voice, noise sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.
4. cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late
5. exercise, exercises, practice exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.
6. officer, official officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer
7. work, job 二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job
8. cook, cooker cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.
9. problem, question problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用
10. a number of, the number of a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.
11. chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.
12. trip, journey, travel, voyage travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip
13. in front of, in the front of in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.
14. three of us, the three of us three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
15. by bus, on the bus by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus.
16. for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.
17. in a word, in words in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.
18. in place of, in the place of in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.
19. go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea
20. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is
21. in office, in the office in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.
22. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.
23. out of question, out of the question out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的
24. a second, the second a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.
25. by day, by the day by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.
26. it, one it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.
27. none, nothing, no one none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.
28. other, another other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student
29. not a little, not a bit not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I\'m not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。
30. many, much, a lot of many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.
31. no, not no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water
32. no more than, not more than no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过
33. tall, high tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.
34. fast, quickly fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly
35. high, highly high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of
36. sleeping, asleep, sleepy sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.
37. respectful, respectable respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged
38. pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.
39. close, closely close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close
40. ill, sick ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy
41. good, well good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.
42. hard, hardly hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.
43. late, lately late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.
44. living, alive, live, lively living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive
45. excited, exciting excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I\'m excited. The news is exciting.
46. deep, deeply deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep
47. before long, long before before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long
48. instead, instead of instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.
49. too much, much too too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy
50. raise, rise raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in the east.
51. bring, take, carry, fetch bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk
52. spend, take, pay, cost spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱
53. join, join in, take part in join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago.
54. leave, leave for leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.
55. used to, be used to used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.
56. win, lose, beat win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them
57. live on, live by live on以…为主食,live by靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing
58. lose, miss lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing, miss the chance
59. be tired of, be tired with/from be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters
60. care about, care for care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies.
61. feed, raise feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family
62. mean to do, mean doing mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味着 By this I mean giving the students more practice.
63. a girl, one girla girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?
64. in place of, in the place ofin place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.
65. in secret, in the secretin secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.
66. take a chair, take the chairtake a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会
67. die from, die of die from表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of表示死于疾病,饥饿,寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold
68. pay for, pay back, pay off pay for为…付钱,pay back还钱,但不一定还清,pay off还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt
69. arrive, get, reach arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词 arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing
70. manage, try manage to do设法做成了某事,try to do尽力去做某事但不一定成功 He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.
71. be familiar to, be familiar with be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物 The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book.
72. agree with, agree to, agree on agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在…上达成一致意见,主语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan
73. receive, accept receive收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it.
74. wear, put on, dress wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作 It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.
75. listen, hear listen强调动作,hear强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing.
76. look, see, watch look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV
77. lie, lay lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book
78. hurt, injure, wound hurt感情上受伤,injure事故中受伤,wound战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war.
79. turn, get, grow turn表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get强调变的结果,grow强调过程,逐渐的变化 turn yellow, get tired, grow big
80. happen, take place happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown.
81. at, in (表地点) at小地点,in大地点 arrive at a small village, arrive in Shanghai
82. increase to, increase by increase to增长到…,increase by增长了… The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000.
83. since, for (完成时间状语) since接点时间或一句话,for接一段时间 for three years, since 3:00
84. on earth, on the earth, in the earth on earth在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不,on the earth在地上,在地球上,in the earth在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth
85. in surprise, to one's surprisein surprise惊奇地,to one's surprise使某人吃惊的是,
86. in the air, on the air, in the sky in the air正在酝酿中,on the air播送,广播,in the sky在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight.
87. through, across through穿越空间,across在…上穿过 through the forest, across the desert
88. on the way, in the way on the way在前往…的路上,in the way挡路 The chair is in the way.
89. above, on, over above在上面,不接触,on在上面,接触,over在正上方 fly over the hill
90. until, not…until until到…为止, not…until直到…才(常跟点动词连用)I waited until 3:00. He didn't come until 3:00.
91. besides, except, except for besides除了…还(包括在内)except除了(不包括在内),except for整体…除了某一点以外 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.
92. weather, if 当是否解时,只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换,其余都用weather,当如果解时用if I don't know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I'll let you know.
93. because, since, as, for 原因由强到弱为:because, since/as, for. 在句中的位置如下:1)…because… 2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn't go.
94. when, as, while (表时间) when从句动词点动词,持续性动词均可,as重在表示动作同时发生,伴随进行,while从句动词为持续性动词 While I slept, a thief broke in.
95. the same…as, the same…that the same…as和…一样的(相似但不同一), the same…that 同一物体 This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔)
96. as well, as well as as well也,常放于句末,和and连用表示既…又;as well as并列连词,不但…而且… He is a professor, and a writer as well.
97. such…as, such…that such…as像…样的,such…that如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him.
99. because, because of because连词,连接两句话,because of介词短语,后接词或短语 He didn't go to school because of his illness.
100. in order that, in order to 表目的,in order that后接句子,in order to后接动词原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus.
100个易错知识点  一、名词  
考试中,大家常把握不好名词的数、所有格以及一些集合名词的用法。
1. He gave me a very good advice yesterday.句中的a要去掉,因为advice是不可数名词。一些汉语概念为可数的词在英语中却是不可数的,表示数量时在其前加a piece of,类似的词有:news, bread, work, paper, chalk, furniture, information等等。
2. That girl loves reading book.可数名词单数不能孤零零地放在句子里,或前面加冠词,或将其变为复数。此处最好变为books.
3. He went into a book’s shop and bought a dictionary.一般表示有生命的东西的名词的所有格用’s,如my mother’s car, 而此处适宜用名词修饰名词,改为a book shop.
4. My family is watching TV.一些集合名词如看成一个整体,则用单数的谓语动词,如My family is a happy one; 如强调集合中每个个体的个人行为,则用复数的谓语动词。此处看电视是个体行为,应把is改为are。类似的词有:team, class, audience等。
5. I bought some potatos and tomatos at the supermarket.中学阶段以“o”结尾的名词中有四个词变复数时要加es,它们是tomato, potato, Negro, hero; 其余的都加s变为复数。
6. This has nothing to do with their believes.(这和他们的信仰没关系。)以f, fe 结尾的词变为复数时一般去f, fe 加ves,如knife—knives, thief—thieves; 而roof 和belief直接加s变为复数。所以应把believes改为beliefs.
  二、冠词  
7. The boss wants to hire an useful person.用a还是an,取决于后面单词的第一个音标,如为元音用an,为辅音用a。useful的第一个音是辅音所以应把an改为a。类似的,我们说a European country.
8. Plane is a machine that can fly.Plane为可数名词单数,不能单独放在句中,应在其前加冠词或把它变为复数,而本句后有a machine, 因此只能在其前面加a,变为A plane。
9. He played a piano at the party yesterday.把a 改为the ,因为乐器前用定冠词。
10. The machine was invented in 1920s.在in后加the,因为表示年代用in加the再加几十的复数,如在八十年代in the 80s。
11. Xiao Hong went to school by the bus every day.去掉the,因为表示交通方式用by直接加交通工具。
  三、代词  
使用代词时请注意其单、复数,主、宾格以及形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的用法。
12. He is one of those speakers who make his ideas perfectly clear.定语从句的先行词是those speakers,为复数,因此从句中的指示代词应为复数,应把his改为their。
13. Whom do you think has left the lights on?放在疑问句特殊疑问词后的do you think / believe / guess / imagine / suppose等都不参与句子成分,把它们去掉后,疑问词在句中做主语用主格,做宾语用宾格。本句中去掉do you think后缺的是主语,应把Whom改为Who。
14. The boss pretended not to see John and I.John和I在句中都做的宾语,应把I 改为me。
15. These books are mine; those in the bag are her.Her是形容词性物主代词,后面应该加名词books,或把her 改为hers。
  四、数词  
16. There are fourteen hundreds students in our school.Hundred / thousand / million / score/ dozen等词前有具体数字时后不加s,前面没有具体数字时在其后加s 和of,表示大约几百几千的概念。如 two hundred students(两百个学生),hundreds of students(成百上千个学生)。例句中应把hundreds 改为hundred。
17. Their school is twice as larger as our school.表倍数关系的as---as中间只能用形容词或副词的原级。因此把larger改为large.
18. Today’s homework is a five-hundred-words composition.几个单词由连字符连接而组成的复合形容词中的名词只能用单数,所以把five-hundred-words改为five-hundred-word.
19. Two third of the students in our school are from America.英语表达中分数的分子用基数词,分母用序数词,分子大于一时分母后要加s,所以就把third 改为thirds.
  五、形容词和副词  
形容词和副词容易被误用,形容词和副词的比较级和最高级也是应注意的重点。
20. The patient appeared nervously when he talked to the doctor.appear在此是个系动词,其后应接形容词作表语。所以把nervously改为nervous.
21. The artist worked hardly to finish his drawings on time.此句需要一个副词来修饰,hardly是副词,但意为“几乎不”,hard 也可以是副词,表努力,因此把 hardly 改为hard.
22. This shirt is more cheaper than that one.More只构成比较级,而不能修饰比较级。因此把more去掉。
23. He is the most successful of the two businessmen.两者相比较时,比较级前用定冠词,三者或三者以上才用most,因此把most改为more.
24. He works less harder than he used to.表不如… 时用less加上形容词和副词的原级,因此把harder改为hard.
25. The book is fairly more interesting than that one.fairly只能修饰形容词和副词的原级,可以修饰比较级的副词或短语有:much, even, still, far, a lot, a little, a bit, any, no, by far, rather等,因此把fairly改为rather.
26. This is as an interesting a story as the one in the magazine.as … as中间的词序是as加上形容词加上a(n)加上名词再加上as,因此应改为as interesting a story as the one.
27. The weather here is nicer than Xizang.同样的事物才能相比较,weather和Xizang不具有可比性,因此应改为The weather here is nicer than that of Xizang.
28.You shouldn't stand too closely to him有些副词有两种形式,一个与形容词同形,一个以形容词-ly构成,但他们有不同的含义。close靠近、挨近;closely紧密地,紧紧地
29. I would rather take a train than went by bus.这个词组为would rather do … than do …,因此把went改为go.
30. Is there interesting anything at the meeting?修饰anything, something, every-thing, nothing的形容词都要放在它们的后面。
31. I never have seen such a person before.像never之类的副词在句中应放在be动词、助动词之后,实意动词之前。因为应改为I have never seen such a person before.
32. The book is worth to be read.be worth doing 意为值得被做。因此改为The book is worth reading.
33. It is sure that he will succeed.sure 的主语只能为人,而certain的主语可为人和物。因此把sure改为certain.
34. He is regarded as one of the best alive writers at present.alive 为表语形容词,偶尔也做后置定语。因此把alive改为living,或把alive 放在writers后面。
35. I don’t know that he has finished the work yet.yet 用于否定和疑问句,already用于肯定句。把yet 改为already.
36. He said nearly nothing at the meeting.nearly 不与否定词用在同一个句子中,而almost可以。因此把nearly 改为almost.
  六、介词  
37. He usually goes to school by his father’s car.by加上名词表示一种交通方式,中间什么都不加,如by car, by bus, by plane等;如果名词前有其他的词修饰,则应除by以外的其他介词,此处把by改为in.
38. Please wait me at the school gate.wait为不及物动词,需加介词for后才能再跟名词或代词做宾语。
39. He has been married with Betty for more than twenty years.marry不跟 with连用,应把with改为to。
40. I finished the work on time under the help of him.“在…的帮助下”用with而不用under。
  七、情态动词  
41. He can be at home now because the light in his room is still on.表特别有把握的肯定判断时用must,表特别有把握的否定判断时用can, can表判断时只用在否定句中。因此把can 改为must。
42. He need come here before the meeting begins.作情态动词时need用在否定,疑问和条件句中,不能用于肯定句中,而作实意动词时则可以。所以应改为:He needs to come here before the meeting begins.
43. He used to get up very early in the morning, and now he is still doing so.used to 用来表示过去常常做某事而现在不了,所以应把后半句改为:but now he is not doing so.
44. I needn’t come yesterday because all the work had been finished.由于情态动词本身不体现时态,所以在谈论过去的事情时在情态动词后加 have done,因此在 needn’t 后加have。
45. You hadn’t better stay up too late because you have to get up early tomorrow.had better 的否定在 better 后面加not.
  八、动词的时态  
英语的常用时态有十六种,一般根据上下文和时间状语来确定时态。
46. I will tell her about that when she will come tomorrow.主句为将来时,其时间、条件、方式和让步状语从句中用一般现在时。因此将will come改为comes。
47. The meeting is about to begin in ten minutes.be about to 一般不与具体的时间状语连用。因此把 in ten minutes 去掉。
48. The boy opened his eyes for a moment, looking at the captain and then died.此处look并非伴随状语,而是三个并列的谓语动词,因此把looking 改为looked。
49. I have bought this bike for ten years and I am still using it now.当句中有for加一段时间作状语时,谓语动词必须为延续性动词,此处把bought改为kept。
50. I haven’t learnt any English before I came here.我来这儿已经是过去的动作,在此之前发生的事应该用过去完成时。因此应把haven’t改为hadn’t
  九、动词的语态  
及物动词用在主动语态时要有宾语,因此可以变为被动语态;不及物动词用于主动语态时不能接宾语,因此无被动语态。
51. The two thieves have been disappeared.disappear 为不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。所以把 been去掉。
52. The building built now will be our teaching building.表“现在正在建的”应用被动语态的正在进行时,因此在built 前加being。
53. He is being operated by the famous doctor.主动语态变为被动语态时,应注意短语动词的完整性,别忘了介词或副词。“给…做手术”应为operate on sb,所以在operated 后加上on。
54. I wonder if the doctor has been sent.原因同上,应在sent 后加上for。
55. The book written by him is sold well.说一本书畅销是指书本身的属性,因此不用被动语态。本句应改为:The book written by him sells well.
56. This history book is worthy reading.“值得被做”可以有如下几种说法:be worth doing; be worthy of being done; be worthy to be done. 因此本句应该为:This history book is worthy to be read.
  十、非谓语动词  
57. We are going to talk about the problem discussing at the last meeting.此处为分词作定语,问题应该被讨论,所以把discussing改为discussed。
58. The girl dressed herself in red is my sister.dress为及物动词,意为“给…穿衣服”,此处为分词作定语修饰girl, girl应是它的逻辑宾语,因此把herself去掉。
59. Being seriously ill, his class-mates sent him to hospital.分词作状语时,其逻辑主语为这句话的主语,此句应为“因为他病了,他的同学才把他送到医院去”,因此把前半句改为:He being seriously ill.
60. Having not seen her for many years, we could hardly recognize her.现在分词的否定应把not放在现在分词前面,所以前半句应改为:Not having seen her for many years.
61. Seeing from the space, the earth looks like a ball.分词作状语,其逻辑主语应是这句话的主语,此句中地球应该被看,所以把Seeing 改为Seen。
62. English is easy to learn it.此句中是不定式作状语修饰easy, English应该是learn的逻辑宾语,所以把it去掉。
63. I will get somebody repair the recorder for you.“让某人做某事”可以有以下几种表达法:make sb do sth; have sb do sth; get sb to sth. 因此在repair 前加to。
64. She decided to work harder in order to not fall behind the others.不定式的否定把not放在to前面。因此应改为:She decided to work harder in order not to fall behind the others.
65. It’s better to laugh than crying.表比较时比较的双方应为同种结构,或都是名词或都是不定式。因此有两种改法:It’s better to laugh than to cry 或 It’s better laughing than crying.
66. It’s no use to send for the doctor.做某事是没用的要说成It’s no use doing,所以把to send 改为sending。
67. She practices to play the piano after school every day.practise 后只跟动名词作宾语,因此把to play 改为playing。
68. When the teacher came in, he stopped listening to the teacher.stop doing 为停止做这件事,而stop to do 为停下来正在做的事去做这件事。所以后半句应该为:he stopped to listen to the teacher.
十一、名词性从句
69. We are talking about if this plan should be carried out.If 和whether都可以引导动词的宾语从句,如果从句做的是介词宾语,只能用whether引导。所以把if 改为whether。
70. I can not decide if to stay or not.只有whether才能和不定式搭配使用。因此把if 改为whether。
71. My suggestion is we try for a second time.表语从句的引导词如为that,一般不省略。因此在we前加上that。
72. What will the professor say is not known yet.名词性从句的语序都是陈述句语序。因此应改为:What the professor will say is not known yet.
十二、状语从句
73. I will go unless he invites me.
此句意为“除非他邀请我,否则我不去。”而unless相当于if not, 所以本句应改成:I won’t go unless he invites me。
74. Although he tried, but he still couldn’t keep up with the others.although 和but 不能同时用在一句话中,去掉任何一个都可以。
75. I won’t stay until he comes back.含有not…until的句子的谓语动词应是点动词,含有until的肯定句的动词应是延续性动词,此句有两种改法:I will stay until he comes back.或I won’t leave until he comes back.
十三、定语从句
76. An orphan is a child who’s parents are dead.定语从句中表“…的”引导词只有whose,所以把who’s 改为whose。
77. This is the very thing which I lost yesterday.如果先行词为物且前有the only, the last, the very修饰时,定语从句的引导词只能用that。
78. This is the car for that I paid a high price.定语从句的先行词为物,而且引导词放在介词后时,只能用which.
79. She is one of the students who has passed the exam.定语从句修饰one of 加上复数名词时,复数名词是定语从句的先行词,因此把 has 改为have。
80. This is the place where we visited last year.定语从句的先行词用关系代词还是关系副词要看定语从句中缺不缺主语或宾语,如缺用关系代词,如不缺用关系副词。此句中visit为及物动词,后无宾语,因此把where 改为which或that。
81. I, who is your friend, can understand you.定语从句的谓语动词应与其先行词保持一致,因此把is 改为am。
82. China is a developing country, that is known to all.非限定性定语从句的引导词永远不会是that,因此把that 改为which 或as。
十四、主谓一致
83. The poet and writer are invited to give a speech at the meeting.poet和writer共用一个冠词,指的是一个人身兼二职,所以谓语动词应为单数。把are改为is.
84. No one except my parents know it.主语后加except再加上若干数量的名词,谓语动词和主语保持一致。所以把know改为knows。类似的用法的词或短语有:but, besides, with, together with, along with, as well as等等。
85. Your clothes is on the table over there.clothes为复数句词,谓语动词应为复数。把is改为are。
86. The number of the students in that school are about one thousand.此名的主语为number而不是students。因此把are 改为is。
87. The class was watching TV when I entered the room.class作主语时,把它看成一个整体时谓语动词用单数,看成每一个成员的个体行为时谓语动词用复数。一般来说,一些具体行为如看电视、吃饭、洗澡等都属于每一个成员的个体行为。此处把was改为were。
88. The population of our country are increasing slowly now.population 单独作主语谓语动词经常用单数;如果其前有分数或百分数,而且后面又有复数名词时谓语动词用复数。如:One fifth of the Chinese population are workers. 此处把are改为is。
十五、倒装
89. No sooner he had reached the station than the train left.no sooner 为否定副词,放于句首时句子要部分倒装,因此此句应改为:No sooner had he reached the station than the train left.
90. Here comes he.here 放于句首时,句子主谓要完全倒装,但句子主语为代词时,则主谓不倒装。此句应改为:Here he comes.
91. A child as he is, he can speak five languages.用as引导让步状语从句,可把形容词、副词和不带冠词的名词放于as前。所以前半句改为:Child as he is...
十六、虚拟语气
92.She would have come if we invited her.这是与过去事实相反的虚拟假设,从句应该用过去完成时。所以在 we 后加 had.
93.My suggestion is that we would send a few people to help them.suggestion 的表语从句也应用虚拟语气,必须用should加动词原形,should可以省略。此处去掉would 或把would 改为should。
94.The secretary wishes that she has time to type the letter now.wish 后的时态应该把真实时态往后推一个时态,所以把has改为had。
95.It’s time that we go to bed.句式为It’s time sb did sth 所以把 go 改为 went。
96.I would rather you have another try tomorrow.词组为would rather sb did sth. 所以把have改为had。
十七、There Be句型
97. There are a bag and several books on the table.There be 句式遵循谓语动词就近原则,a bag为单数,所以把are改为is。
98. There were several people stood at the back of the room.There be句式的谓语动词为be动词,句中其他的动词应为非谓语动词。所以把stood改为standing.
十八、修饰语在居中的位置不当
99. We almost have written twenty compositions this term.像almost这样的副词在句中放在助动词、be动词之后,实意动词之前。因此把almost放在have后面。
100. The girl has beautiful, silky hair who lives high in the mountains.定语从句应紧跟先行词,所以改为:The girl, who lives high in the mountains, has beautiful, silky hair.

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