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中考英语语法专项复习--连词

发布者: L先生 | 发布时间: 2020-2-15 14:15| 查看数: 29| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

中考英语语法专项复习--连词
连词是用于连接名词、短语或句子的虚词,不单独作句子成分。按意义可分为并列连词和从属连词两类。
考点一  并列连词
并列连词是用来连接语法地位相同的单词、短语以及句子的连词。并列连词主要分为表示并列关系、转折关系、因果关系及选择关系的并列连词。
分类
连词
例句
并列
关系
an和;,both. . . and既…又not only. . .
but also不但……而且neither. . . nor既不……也不
Mr. Brown is not only our teacher but also our friend. 布朗先生不仅是我们的老师,而且是我们的朋友。
转折
关系
but但是,however然而,while然而
He is very young, but he knows a lot.
他虽然很小,但是知道很多。
因果
关系
so因此;所以,
because因为,
for因为
Bill doesn’t come to school because he is ill.
比尔今天没来上学是因为他生病了。
选择
关系
or还是;否则,
either. . . or或者……或者
Nick is either in London or in Paris.
尼克不是在伦敦就是在巴黎。
【温馨提示】
1. 两对“冤家对头” 不能同时出现在一个句子中:
although/ though与but;because与so。
2. and和or的区分
(1)and用于肯定句中,or用于否定句或选择疑问句中。
例如:
①I like bread and milk for breakfast.
我早餐喜欢吃面包,喝牛奶。
②I don’t like bread or milk for breakfast.
我早餐不喜欢吃面包,喝牛奶。
③Would you like some tea or coffee?
你喜欢喝茶还是咖啡?
(2)否定句中两部分都有否定词时用and连接。例如:
Bill has no brothers and no sisters.
=Bill has no brothers or sisters. 比尔没有兄弟姐妹。
(3)句中含有without时,肯定句中用or,否定句中用and。
例如:
①We can’t live without air and water.
没有空气和水,我们无法生存。
②We’ll die without air or water.
没有空气和水,我们就会死亡。
(4)and与or(表示“否则”)都可以与if引导的条件状语从句转换。例如:
①Get up quickly, or you’ll be late for school.
=If you don’t get up quickly, you’ll be late for school.
快点起床,否则你上学会迟到。
②Work hard, and you’ll get good grades.
=If you work hard, you’ll get good grades.
努力学习,你会取得好成绩。

考点二 从属连词(用于引导从句)
1. 引导宾语从句的从属连词that,if(whether)。例如:
①I know that the puppy is very clever.
我知道那条小狗很聪明。
②We don’t know if/whether it will rain tomorrow.
我们不知道明天是否下雨。
2. 引导状语从句的从属连词
when,whenever, as,while,before, after, until, till, since, as soon as
I was watching when she came back.
当她回来的时候,我正在看电视。
where, wherever
Bob would like to go wherever he likes.
鲍勃想去他喜欢的任何地方。
as, because, since
He isn’t at school because he is ill.
他没去上学因为他生病了。
so that, in order that
I came here so that I can see her.
我来这儿是为了能看见她。
so/such. . . that. . .
It’s such a good movie that I’d like to see it again.
它是这么好的一部电影以至于我想再看它一次。
if, unless
We won’t give it up unless we run out of time.
我们不会放弃它,除非我们用尽时间。
although/though, even though,
however, whatever
Although he was young, he knows a lot about China
虽然他很年轻,他知道很多关于中国的事情。
than, as. . . as. . .
My cousin is as old as me.
我的表弟和我一样大。
as
You must do as the teacher told you. 你必须按老师告诉你的做。

中考英语语法专项复习
连词练习题
1. The man was so tired, _____ he still went on working.
A. so         
B. but   
C. or        
D. and
2. The boy is  _____ clever that everybody  _____ him.
A. such; likes      
B. so; likes      
C. so; like
3. — I hear ____ your grandpa  ____ your grandma like watching Beijing Opera.
— Right, just as many old people do in our city.
A. both; and
B. either; or
B. neither; nor
D. not only; but also
4. ______ Lisa ______ Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay home to take care of the dog.
A. Not only;but also
B. Neither;nor
C. Both;and
D. Either;or
5. —Mom, when shall we go to Weifang Museum this weekend?
—Oh, sorry. I’m going to Beijing for a meeting. _____ Saturday _____ Sunday is OK.
A. Neither; nor
B. Both; and
C. Either; or
D. Not only; but also
6. He didn’t go to school yesterday ____ he was ill.
A. because
B. because of  
C. if         
D. so
7. Don’t forget to wash hands _____ you have meals.
A. before
B. until
C. through
D. unless
8. —What was your brother doing at this time yesterday?
—He was reading a magazine _____ I was writing an e-mail at home.
A. as soon as
B. after
C. until
D. while
9. (—How do you like the story?
—Interesting, _____ the end of it is not perfect.
A. so      
B. B. though
C. or
C. D. because
10. —I hear the famous singer Xu Song may come to Ningbo next month.
—Really? _____ he comes, my younger sister will be very excited.
A. If   
B. Until
C. Unless
D. Before
【解析】选B。由句意:那个人是那么累,但是他仍然继续工作。可知前后两句存在转折关系,故选B。
【解析】选B。由that前clever是形容词故用so修饰;everybody作主语时谓语动词用单数,故选B。
【解析】选A。由谓语动词like是复数可知并列连词是both. . . and。其他三个选项的并列连词连接并列主语时,谓语动词与最近的主语保持一致,故选A。
【解析】选D。not only. . . but also不但……而且; neither. . . nor既不……也不; both. . . and. . . 两者都。由后半句句意“因为她们中的一个必须在家里照看狗”可知,两个人只能去一个,因此应用either. . . or连接两个并列的主语。
【解析】选A。句意:——妈妈, 我们这个周末何时去潍坊博物馆啊? ——哦,对不起。我将去北京开会。周六和周日都不行。neither. . . nor 既不……也不。故选A。
【解析】选A。由句中前后两部分的意思可知,后半部分在表明前面“没有上学”的原因,排除C与D项;because后跟句子而because of后跟单词或短语。故选A。
【解析】选A。句意:你别忘了饭前洗手。before在……之前。故选A。
【解析】选D。as soon as一……就……;after在……之后; until直到……为止;while当……的时候,和……同时。由答语句意“他在家读杂志而我在写电子邮件”可知,两个动作同时进行,故选D。
【解析】选B。though“虽然;尽管”,根据答句句意“很有意思,尽管结局不完美。”可作出判断。
【解析】选A。until直到……为止;unless除非;before在……之前;if如果。由答语“是吗?如果他来了,我妹妹将会很兴奋。”可知,应选A。

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