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高中真有那么累吗?学科很难?竞争超激烈?……

发布者: L先生 | 发布时间: 2019-8-13 16:16| 查看数: 78| 评论数: 1|帖子模式

打开你的“不完美”高中
为大家从友情、亲情、爱情、学习等方面,全方位介绍了高中的“不完美”生活。看完是否大有收获呢?今天,唯唯在请教了腾远君之后,想跟大家谈一谈:初中和高中到底有哪些变化?初中、高中五大差异差异一:知识量变大
初高中之间各学科知识点的联系不是太大,但知识量上相差非常大。
举个例子,英语单词量,初中大纲有1600个,而高中则是3500词+500短语。再拿语文来说,初中文言文多是小故事、寓言、散文,高中要学的长篇的人物传记和论述文章就特别多。
所以在新高一一开始很多学生会有“撞墙”的感觉。
差异二:高一内容在高考直接考察
由于高中知识量大,所以高一和初一完全不同。初一学的知识更多是实现学生从小学到初中的过度,比如有理数、线段与角等内容,在中考中并不直接去考查。高中就不同了,高一学的知识在高考中直接考查40%~50%(如数学大概考65分左右)。
差异三:思维方式不同
与初中相比,高中阶段学生所学知识的深度和广度发生变化。
初中的知识相对浅显,重视知识的结果。高中则更重视知识内在联系和其形成过程,要求学生在理解记忆的基础上掌握知识的来龙去脉,对所学知识要融会贯通,对学生的抽象思维及逻辑思维都有较高的要求。
所以,在从初中到高中的衔接过程中,提高自学能力和思维能力是关键。
差异四:授课方式不同
初中教师常常采用直观形象教学方法,多反复讲解,教师要用较多的时间给学生以具体辅导。
进入高中后,教师上课更注重分析,反复讲解的做法少了,学生活动多了,许多问题要求学生自己去独立思考。
而且高中学科多,教师多,每个教师教学方法不同、教学内容不同,对学生的学习要求也经常不一致,所以,只有适应每个教师的教学方法,才能促进自己的学习。
差异五:学习方法不同
初中生学习方法单一点就够了,比如“听、背、默”,习惯于书面作业,依赖教师就好了。
高中的学习,则要求学生学会独立,独立学习、独立阅读、独立思考、独立分析问题和解决问题。同时,学习方法也要求更加灵活、多样,并要防止和克服单纯死记硬背、重记忆轻理解、重做题轻读书、重计算轻概念等不正确的学习方法。

初高中衔接注意事项
一、要警惕:初高中衔接陡坡效应
一般的成绩分布,是高分和低分都少,处于中间水平的比例最高。但是在初升高衔接阶段,高中前几次考试,成绩却会出现类似社会结构的2/8规律分布,即:成绩不好的人占八成,成绩好的人只占两成。
这种结果的原因,一是高中知识和能力要求的急剧变化,二是我们心理、方法调整延迟,两者矛盾构成标题讲的“陡坡效应”。
所以高一非常重要,一旦适应阶段出现问题,在一开始就造成知识的烂尾,很难在后续的学习过程中继续足够的知识储备和信心。二、要留意:心理变化莫忽视初高中衔接时,一些学生的适应性很强,能迅速调整,坦然过渡;也有一部分学生由于种种原因,产生一些心理问题。比如:
(1)失落感
有一个现象是,很多初中考得好的同学高中突然下滑很严重。这种“落差”太大。不少同学则很难摆正心态。
(2)孤立感
高中,交际问题更重要了。一部分同学不善于交往,不知道如何与同学相处。虽然随时间的推移这种情况会逐渐缓和,但也有少数性格内向,有社交障碍的同学,不能迈出这一步,形成心理缺陷,严重影响其正常的学习和生活。
(3)失重感高中后,如果再沿用初中的学习方法已经不灵了,从而无所适从。另外在高一,还有一种比较“经典”的理论:“告别初三,进入高一,终于可以好好地歇一口气了”。一些同学趁机放纵自己,武打、言情小说铺天盖地,电脑游戏、网上聊天天昏地暗,结果是“中毒”太深,难以自拔,成绩一落再落。
学科快速适应秘笈一、语文初高中语文的区别:1.选文上的区别:初中语文的选文较简短,到高中不仅长度加长,深度也明显增加,有时甚至要从哲学、人生的角度来解读,因此不能再以初中的标准来要求自己,须在个性化体验、感悟和审美上加强。
2.文言文的区别:初中的文言文大多为浅显的、有哲理性、有情节的小故事、寓言、短诗、散文,而高中的文言文则是长篇人物传记和论述文章等,需要有较强的阅读和翻译能力。
怎样适应?
1.扩大课外阅读。不是让你直接将高中教材拿来读,而是希望大家有计划地读一些高中教学大纲规定的参考书目上的课外阅读,如《红楼梦》《水浒传》等长篇作品。
2.注意生活积累。生活中处处有语文,当你说话、作文、看报、看书和与人交往时,都是学语文的机会,因此要对周边生活仔细观察,一定要关心时政。养成记日记的习惯,对作文技法和内容的积累很有好处。
二、数学
初高中数学的区别:
1.高中数学内容抽象性、理论性更强,尤其是在高一代数中,首先碰到的就是理论性很强的函数,使一些初中数学很好的学生难以适应。
2.高中数学的思维方法向理性层次跃进,初中数学要简单些,按一定步骤就可解决,而高中数学的解题更复杂,要求学生多角度多方面思考。
3.知识内容有所增加,学生在同样时间内掌握知识的工作量要明显增多。
怎样适应?
1. 别有依赖心理。初中数学学习中,教师会列出中考各类型题目进行反复练习,学生易养成依赖老师、套用模式的习惯。到高中这种模式就完全转变了,况且初中数学家长还可以稍加辅导,但到了高中,大多数家长知识水平已无法跟上。这时候,能靠的只有自己。
2.不能思想松懈。如果用初中方法学习高中数学,没有在思想上重视,方法上改变,即使是拔尖的学生也很容易跟不上。高一是高中三年中最关键、打基础的阶段,一旦跟不上就很难赶上。所以,高中学习,一天都不能松懈。
三、英语
初高中英语的区别:
1.课本的作用不同。高中英语的课文只是给你一个范本,大量的学习要靠课外阅读,要将课外的泛读和课内的精读相配合,进行自主学习。同语文一样,英语成绩不是教出来的,而是学出来,用出来的。
2.好奇心减少。初中学生刚接触英语,比较好奇,上课时经常表现踊跃,纷纷举手回答问题,但到了高中后,很多同学不肯在课堂上直接表露。
怎样适应?
亲近英语。可以读读单词量在500至800字左右或800至1000字的英语小说,要注意最好是每页只有五六个生词,从简单的先入手,水平相宜,从而亲近英语,培养语感。也可以看看各大卫视的英语类节目等,因为这些节目有字幕、图像,比较适合同学们学习。小升初交流群,了解最新消息,知道不一样的社群信息 微信图片_20190802164901.png

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