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你对抑郁症的误解有多深?-双语

发布者: L先生 | 发布时间: 2019-8-12 15:01| 查看数: 68| 评论数: 4|帖子模式

抑郁症不是“情绪病”,不是“玻璃心”,不是“太悲观”,不是“想不开”,不是“自尊心太强”,不是“承受能力太差”……
抑郁症是一种病,就像人人都可能感冒一样,每个人都有可能患上抑郁症。在美国,有15%的人患有抑郁症;而在中国,据说抑郁症患者多达9000万,这可能还不包括那些不懂得抑郁症是什么的抑郁症患者。
抑郁症是一种病,它让人常常感觉悲伤,让人对生活失去希望,让人提不起精神来做任何事情,让人觉得无论如何都无法走出绝望的深渊。抑郁症靠自己是很难克服的。要治疗才能好。
不管你是否承认,我们许多人对抑郁症了解的太少了。尽管每一次有著名人物得抑郁症或因抑郁症离世,“抑郁症”相关的内容就会被媒体刷屏,可是你不一定去读,读了也不一定放在心上。
所以,对于抑郁症,你一定还存在很多误解,因为你很可能总是自以为是,认为从“抑郁症”这几个字里就能看出端倪,或者对“抑郁症”几个字不以为然。
下面就是一个抑郁症患者想让人们了解的关于抑郁症的几件事,从中可以看到你对抑郁症的误解有多深。q1. You can’t just “be happy” or “get over it”你不能简简单单地“高兴起来”或者“克服它”Most people who suffer from depression have had someone say this to them at some point in time. But it doesn’t work like that. Depression is an illness—a person with depression can’t just snap their fingers and “get over it” in the same way that a person with cancer can’t just flick a switch and magically become healthy again.大部分抑郁症患者都在某个时候听到过别人对他说这样的话。但事情不是这样来的好吗?抑郁症是一种病——一个得了抑郁症的人不会打个响指就能克服,就像一个得了癌症的人不能拨一下某个开关就奇迹般地康复了一样。

所以,如果你身边有人得了抑郁症,请千万不要这么跟他说好吗?2. It’s a real illness 抑郁症是一种真正的病
Depression is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. Just because it’s an invisible illness, it doesn’t mean that it isn’t real.抑郁症是由大脑内部化学物质紊乱造成的。不要只是因为它是一种看不见的疾病,就觉得它不是真正的病。3. People with depression are not attention seekers. 抑郁症患者不是想吸引别人的注意。The truth is that most people with depression hide their pain—often out of fear of being judged or discriminated against.事实上,大部分抑郁症患者都会隐藏他们的痛苦,因为害怕被评判,害怕被歧视。
这种害怕让他们不敢发声,让他们在沉默中渐渐消逝……

承认吧,人们对抑郁症存在很多偏见不是么?
4. Depression is very, very common. 抑郁症很常见。
A lot of people think that depression is rare and that only freaks suffer from it, but the truth is that according to the World Health Organisation, depression afflicts 121 million people worldwide. You may think you don’t know anyone who’s suffering from depression, but odds are that you do.很多人认为抑郁症很罕见,只有怪胎才会得这种病。但事实上,根据世界卫生组织的调查,全球有1.21亿人有抑郁症。你可能以为你认识的人里没有患抑郁症的,但其实有的可能性很大。5.Anyone can fall victim to depression. 任何人都可能得抑郁症。
Depression is one of those illnesses that doesn’t discriminate. No matter how much money you make or what gender, age, sexuality, colour or creed you are, you’re at risk of falling victim.抑郁症是一种对所有人都一视同仁的病。不论你多有钱,无关你的性别、年龄、肤色、宗教,也不管你的性取向如何,都有可能患病。6. People with depression can still be very high functioning. 抑郁症患者可能仍旧十分高效。Just because someone suffers from depression, it doesn’t mean that they’re incompetent or unable to function. History is filled with countless highly successful people who suffered from depression, including Sir Winston Churchill, J.K. Rowling, Angelina Jolie, Mark Twain, Abraham Lincoln, and Sir Isaac Newton.不是说一个人得了抑郁症就什么都做不成了。历史上有无数成功人士都曾患过抑郁症,包括丘吉尔、J.K.罗琳、安吉丽娜·朱莉、马克·吐温、林肯和牛顿。7. People with depression are not necessarily “negative” or “ungrateful”. 得抑郁症的人不一定就是悲观主义者或不懂得感恩的人。Depression is an illness, and it can happen to anyone—positive and grateful people included.抑郁症是一种任何人都可能得的病,包括那些乐观感恩的人。8. Suffering from depression is much, much more than just having a bad day or feeling ephemerally sad. 患抑郁症可不仅仅是某一天过得很糟糕或暂时的悲伤。Clinical depression can make you feel utterly miserable—not for just one day, but for weeks, months, or even years on end. It can make you feel completely worthless. It can make you feel exhausted. It can make you hate yourself. It can make you self-harm. And worst of all, it can make you feel suicidal and drive you to carry out those thoughts. 临床上的抑郁症会让你觉得无比痛苦,不仅仅是一天,而是持续数周、数月甚至好几年。它会让你觉得自己一无是处、精疲力竭,让你讨厌自己,让你自残。更糟糕的是,它会让想要自杀,并驱使你将此付诸行动。说了这么多,相信你对抑郁症的了解十分深入了,或许会觉得害怕,甚至开始怀疑自己。注意,如果你有以下症状,且持续超过两周以上,那么你可能有轻度抑郁,需要去看专业医生进行确诊并进行治疗。       Depressed mood.       情绪抑郁。  Inability to enjoy activities.  无法享受运动。  Problems concentrating.  注意力无法集中。  Poor memory.  记忆力差。  Difficulty making decisions.  难以做出决定。  Changes in eating habits.  饮食习惯改变。  Weight gain or weight loss.  体重增加或减少。  Changes in sleeping habits.  睡眠习惯改变。  Difficulty going to work or taking care of your daily responsibilities.  难以正常地进行日常工作和生活。  Feelings of guilt and hopelessness; wondering if life is worth living (common).  有罪恶感,感觉没有希望;怀疑生命存在的价值(普遍现象)  Slowed thoughts and speech.  思考缓慢,表达缓慢。  Preoccupation with thoughts of death or suicide.  常常想到死亡,或自杀。  Complaints that have no physical cause such as headache and stomachache.  抱怨不存在的身体病痛,例如头痛,胃痛。总而言之,抑郁是一场心灵的感冒,我们要做的是要正视它,而不是逃避它。
如果你身边有人得了抑郁症,也不要去歧视他,笑话他,而要帮助他,劝他积极寻求治疗。
因为抑郁症是可以治好的,如果不管不顾,不闻不问,很可能会发展到无法挽回的悲惨结局。
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