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初中英语易混词汇辨析(2)

发布者: L先生 | 发布时间: 2020-7-30 10:34| 查看数: 21| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

36. in office, in the office
in office在职的,in the office在办公室里He is in office, not out ofoffice.
37. in bed, on the bed
in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上The book is on the bed. Heis ill in bed.
38. in charge of, in the charge of
in charge of管理,负责照料,in the charge of由……照料
He is in charge of thematter.
The matter is in the charge of her.
39. in class, in the class
in class在课上,in the class在班级里
He is the best student inthe class.
40. on fire, on the fire
on fire着火,on the fire在火上
Put the food on the fire.
The house is on fire.
41. out of question, out of the question
out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的
42. a second, the second
a second又一,再一,the second第……
He won the second prize.
43. it, one
it同一物体,one同类不同一
I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.
44. that, this
that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的
I was ill. That's why…
45. none, nothing, no one
none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人
--- How many…/How much…?
--- None.
46. anyone, any one
anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you
47. who, what
who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位
What is your dad? He is a teacher.
48. what, which
what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择
Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?
49. not a little, not a bit
not a little非常,not a bit一点也不I'm not a bit tired.我一点儿也不累。
50. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself
by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself自行的,自动的
The door opened of itself.
51. high, highly
high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的think highly of
52. healthy, healthful
healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的healthful exercise
53. sleeping, asleep, sleepy
sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,
sleepy困的,有睡意的asleeping baby
The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.
54. gold, golden
gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring
55. most, mostly
most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词most people, the people are mostly…
56. real, true
real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合real gold, a true story
57. respectful, respectable
respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的be respectful to the aged
58. pleasant, pleased, pleasing
pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,
pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物
a pleasant trip The trip ispleasing.
59. understanding, understandable
understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable可理解的,能够懂的
an understanding girl, an understandable mistake
60. close, closely
close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地closely connected, standclose
61. ill, sick
ill做表语,sick定,表均可a sick boy
62. good, well
good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词He is well again.
63. quiet, silent, still
quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响He stand there still.他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。
64. able, capable
able与不定式to do连用,capable有能力的常与of连用
He is capable of cooking…
65. almost, nearly
二者均为"几乎,差不多"和否定词连用almost almost nobody
66. late, lately
late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 还可以做形容词,最新的
I haven't seen him lately(recently).
67. living, alive, live, lively
living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活泼的all the living people=all the people alive
68. deep, deeply
deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地deeply moved, dig deep
69. worth, worthy
二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done
It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.
70. happy, glad
happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语a happy girl
71. instead, instead of
instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中
He didn't see a film.Instead he watched TV.
He watched TV instead of seeing a film.
72. raise, rise
raise及物动词,rise不及物动词
The sun rises in the east.
73. bring, take, carry, fetch
bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作
fetch a box of chalk
74. join, join in, take part in
join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in参加大型的活动
He joined the army fiveyears ago.
75. learn, study
learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究 cc75b644083d09b773287a140598999.png

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